Drug Rehab Program

Drug Rehab at North Jersey Rehabs

Drug abuse is a form of a substance use disorder, which is commonly shortened to SUD. In this sense, a substance is something that can harm a person, such as drugs or alcohol. Drug use disorder occurs when a person’s use of drugs leads to problems with social activities, relationships, work, school, or other important aspects of life. The cause of SUDs is unknown, but they may be linked to underlying mental health issues, genetics, and other factors. SUDs can also lead to addiction, which is why drug rehab is essential.

Drug Rehab Programs Infographic

What Is Drug Addiction?

Drug addiction is a chronic and relapsing disease that causes a person to compulsively seek drugs and use them. Addiction happens when a person cannot stop using a substance despite the harmful consequences it has. Because of how addiction affects the brain physically, it is considered a brain disease.

Thanks to modern imaging technology, medical researchers and doctors can see the changes that happen in the brains of people with drug addiction. The changes create significant enough differences that many trained professionals can identify the brains of people with addiction through brain scans alone. Changes in how the brain sends and receives signals lead to behavioral and emotional changes. Some of those changes persist even after a substance leaves the body.

Signs and Symptoms of Drug Use Disorder and Addiction

The behavioral and emotional symptoms and signs are often similar when people develop a SUD or an addiction. These are some of the physical symptoms:

  • Feeling a strong urge to frequently use a substance.
  • Consciously taking more of a substance than necessary or taking it more frequently than necessary.
  • Feeling ill or moody without the substance.
  • Requiring more of the substance to achieve the same effect.
  • Doing nearly anything to maintain a supply of the substance.

Some signs of drug addiction are noticeable to others. These are some possible signs that another person is addicted:

  • New or unusual financial or legal troubles.
  • Withdrawing from social or family activities.
  • Poorer performance at work or with studies.
  • Mood swings and behaving in a secretive way.
  • Guarding a purse, bag, or drawer closely.
  • Unusual lethargy, talkativeness, or behavior changes.

The types of behavior change people display may depend on the type of drug. For example, stimulants give people energy, and depressants often make people lethargic or sleepy.

How Does Drug Addiction Develop?

Two significant changes in a person’s body when addiction develops are tolerance and reward perception changes. When a person uses an addictive substance long enough, tolerance may happen. This means that a person’s brain alters how rewards are perceived, and the person needs more of the substance to achieve the same effect. Because of this, a person has a stronger urge to seek the substance.

Even though a person may know the dangers and realize the negative effects, the individual may be unable to stop using the substance. If an addicted person stops using a drug suddenly, withdrawal happens and causes unpleasant and severe symptoms. However, using too much of a substance can lead to overdose, which is dangerous because of the physical effects of drugs.

Common Addictive Drugs

Two factors that make drugs dangerous are the effects they have on the brain and the body. These are some of the most common drugs with high abuse and tolerance potential.

Cocaine

This drug is a stimulant. Since it speeds up the entire body, it can also lead to heart attack and stroke. People often feel strong cravings for it even after it leaves the body entirely.

Heroin

Heroin is made from morphine and has a high potential for tolerance. It can cause heart infections and respiratory depression. Because of its effects, it is a common cause of overdose deaths.

Meth

Meth is a stimulant that causes a rush of euphoria, which is followed by edginess, anger, excitement, or fear. It can lead to a high body temperature that makes a person pass out. Also, it causes severe itching and poor oral health.

Opiates

Today, many people misuse synthetic or natural opiates. Morphine is a natural opiate. They often continue using them after a surgery or injury, and some people obtain them from friends or family. What makes them especially dangerous is their high risk of tolerance and severe reduction of heart rate or respiration.

Prescription Drugs

In addition to prescription opioids, there are other drugs that people misuse and become addicted to. Benzodiazepines, which reduce anxiety, are commonly misused. Xanax is a common example. People may also misuse prescription stimulants, such as Adderall. Additionally, people often misuse prescription muscle relaxers and sleep medications. Dangerously high doses of these addictive medications can be damaging or even fatal.

How Can North Jersey Rehabs Help People With SUDs?

People who are addicted to drugs can find professional help and powerful support at North Jersey Rehabs. The facility offers the following types of programs:

Detox is the first step and includes medical supervision. Since symptoms are unpleasant and can be dangerous, medical staff provide support and medications to reduce discomfort or dangers. Partial hospitalization programs may include daily treatment for about five hours. Intensive outpatient programs usually last a few hours for each session and occur multiple times each week.

For those who do not require intensive treatment, outpatient programs may be one or more sessions per week and are shorter. Sober living is a supportive environment for people who need structure, safety, and daily support to stay in recovery. To learn more about how we can help you or a loved one who is struggling with addiction, please give us a call.