Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP)

Intensive Outpatient Program in New Jersey

Once you decide to seek addiction treatment, the next step is finding the right treatment program. Finding the best treatment option can be a challenge. Not everyone requires an inpatient program to overcome their addiction. Luckily, there are many options available.

At North Jersey Rehabs, we understand that everyone’s needs are different when it comes to substance abuse recovery. Depending on factors such as the severity of an addiction, an intensive outpatient program may be the right choice to help you or someone you love begin or continue the recovery process.

What is an Intensive Outpatient Program?

An intensive outpatient program (IOP) combines the intense level of care associated with inpatient programs with the benefits of an outpatient program. In contrast with inpatient care, patients are not required to move into a treatment facility. Participation in an IOP allows patients to continue their daily lives—albeit, free from substances—while receiving the highest quality of care.

An IOP offers various services and resources to aid with recognizing, understanding, and changing problematic patterns in the life of the patient. The core services offered in IOP include therapy, skills training, medication management, and more.

Individual Counseling

Individual counseling can be highly beneficial for all patients. It might be especially helpful for patients with dual diagnoses. One-on-one therapy allows patients to explore issues that are too sensitive or private for group therapy. During sessions, patients can examine their progress and the issues caused by their disorder or disorders. Sessions typically occur weekly, and in the sessions counselors provide patients with coping strategies to stay sober or maintain stability.

Group Counseling and Therapy

Group counseling and therapy are cornerstones of IOP. In a group setting, an environment where patients can support and confront each other is facilitated. This allows patients to develop social and communication skills, which is especially helpful for patients whose previous socialization revolved around drugs or alcohol.

Skills Training

While in an IOP, it’s imperative to develop skills that patients can practice in their daily life. The skill training included in IOP includes:

  • Drug or alcohol refusal training: For those suffering from a substance use disorder, this training prepares them for scenarios where they will have to refuse being offered the substance they are addicted to.
  • Relapse prevention techniques: Patients learn to avoid high-risk situations and triggers that may lead to substance abuse.
  • Assertiveness training: Patients are taught the difference between being assertive, aggressive, and passive.
  • Stress management: Stress management training provides patients with techniques to employ in stressful situations.
  • Support groups: These groups are created based on similar patient needs. Patients in the same stage of recovery or with similar issues work together to acknowledge how their behavior affects others.
  • Interpersonal process groups: These groups focus on singular issues of importance. Families or couples may also attend these therapy sessions to learn about the effects the patient’s behavior has on them.

Psychoeducational Programming

Psychoeducational programming aims to encourage behavioral and emotional change in patients by educating them on several topics such as:

  • Rebuilding personal relationships with family and friends
  • Developing a personal relapse prevention plan to stay sober
  • Identifying what situations are triggering or high-risk for the patient
  • Fostering daily living skills and strategies for quitting substance abuse
  • Understanding the effects of drugs and alcohol on the brain and body, withdrawal symptoms, and the stages of recovery

Pharmacotherapy/MAT and Medication Management

Medication-assisted treatment (MAT)—or pharmacotherapy—and medication management are used primarily in substance abuse cases. Certain conditions benefit more than others from the use of pharmaceutical interventions such as opioid and alcohol addictions. With medication, the specific underlying cause of a substance abuse disorder is treated or the substance abuse disorder itself.

Drug and Alcohol Abuse Monitoring

In IOP, patients receive monitoring for their drug and alcohol consumption to determine if therapeutic intervention is working as desired. Regular self-reporting and drug testing via biological samples are common to determine if the patients are staying sober or still using substances. The results of these tests are used to determine whether treatment is working or if the patient requires an adjustment to the approaches being taken to mitigate their issues.

How Does Intensive Outpatient Differ From PHP or Traditional Outpatient?

Addiction looks different for everyone suffering from substance abuse. This requires that there be a variety of treatment types available to best suit patients’ needs. When it comes to outpatient care, there are three types:

  • Traditional Outpatient Programs
  • Intensive Outpatient Programs
  • Partial Hospitalization Programs (PHP)

Listed from the most intensive to least intensive, these programs vary in the intensity and type of care provided. The best program will be recommended based on what you or your loved one needs to overcome addiction.

Traditional Outpatient Programs

Compared to IOP and PHP, traditional outpatient care is the least intensive outpatient treatment option. It requires the least amount of time compared to the other two types of outpatient program. This type of program is usually best for patients who have already completed another program such as inpatient rehab.

Partial Hospitalization Programs

PHPs are the most intensive type of outpatient program. This program requires the patient to spend a predetermined amount of hours in a facility to receive different therapeutic treatments. Patients are still able to maintain the flexibility outpatient care provides as there isn’t a requirement to spend 24 hours a day in a facility.

Who Would Qualify for an Intensive Outpatient Program?

IOPs are recommended for patients who do not meet the criteria for inpatient treatment or PHPs. The care provided by an IOP is beneficial for patients suffering from a number of conditions including those with dual diagnoses or those who are experiencing intense addiction.

The range of disorders an IOP can help treat include:

  • Self-harm
  • Eating disorders
  • Unipolar depression
  • Bipolar disorder or mania
  • Substance use disorders

How Long Does Someone Spend in an Intensive Outpatient Program?

IOP treatment usually lasts from three to four months. For patients that require more long-term care, treatment can last up to a year. Patients attend approximately 9 hours of treatment per week (3 sessions a week for 3 hours each). As time goes on, patients may have longer sessions to accommodate their needs. Or, they may have shorter sessions.

Is an Intensive Outpatient Program Right for You or Your Loved One?

For many people, an IOP bears the same successful results as inpatient care without the patient having to give up their daily routines. Here at North Jersey Rehabs, the many different therapies we offer allow us to create a treatment plan that caters to the results our patients desire.

If you’re looking for a program that meets your needs or the needs of someone close to you, contact us today to find the best treatment option possible.