Falling into a K-Hole: Ketamine Effects

When abused, ketamine has the potential to create the same dissociation effects that are associated with psychedelic substances. Ketamine is primarily used as a tranquilizer for animals. Under certain situations, especially with ketamine addiction, the effects may be very unpredictable and even quite hazardous, as is the case with the vast majority of psychedelic drugs.

Once a person has reached the dissociative state that ketamine induces, the K-hole effect can begin to manifest itself. In general, psychedelic substances have an effect on vital regions of the human brain, most of which are responsible for the regulation of awareness, comprehension, and emotions. Although ketamine itself does not have an addictive quality, the “K-hole” effect may become addictive for certain people who take it. Once a person has experienced the K-hole effect caused by ketamine, the dangers linked with the usage become most evident. If you or any of your loved ones have substance abuse disorder or Ketamine addiction, seek the help of medical professionals at North Jersey Rehabs.

What is Ketamine?

Ketamine can be taken in a number of different ways, including via snorting, injecting, orally, or even rectally. Just like LSD and MDMA, Ketamine can have drastic effects on its users.

The anesthetic effects of Ketamine effectively disconnect the brain of a person from the rest of the body, in contrast to the effects of painkillers. Ketamine achieves this effect by going straight for the person’s glutamate cell receptors located in the brain. When they are operating normally, the glutamate secretions boost activity levels in brain cells and the functioning of the brain as a whole. The effects of ketamine prevent glutamate from being secreted, which messes up communications between different parts of the brain and even causes some parts of the brain to shut down entirely.

What is the K-Hole Effect?

According to research conducted at NYU Steinhardt, the “high” that one experiences from ketamine is proportional to the amount or dosage that is taken. 

Injecting doses of 60 to 125 mg intramuscularly or snorting anywhere between 100 and 250 mg (depending on the user’s weight, drug tolerance, and biochemical reaction to the effects of the drug) is typically what causes the K-hole effect. After taking Ketamine, the K-hole effect may begin to manifest in 15 to 20 minutes. Users initially find that they are unable to move, and then they report feeling completely detached from their physical sensations just as hallucinations begin to take form. Because someone under the influence of ketamine is unable to move, the drug is categorized as a rape drug.

Dangers of the K-Hole Effect

The effects that ketamine addiction has on both the mind and the body give rise to the risks associated with the K-hole effect. 

The following are some of the psychological effects that are typically produced by the use of ketamine:

  • Hallucinations 
  • OBE or an out-of-body experience 
  • Disorientation 
  • False sense of one’s invincibility 
  • Lack of capacity to interact with other people 
  • Altered perception of reality 
  • Vivid dreams

The following are some of the physical effects:

  • Incapacity to feel pain 
  • Jumbled or slurred speech 
  • Uncoordinated movement 
  • High blood pressure 
  • Catatonia or lack of communication and movement 
  • Tachycardia or increased heart rate

The following are some examples of the side effects that are commonly experienced from the use of ketamine, including ketamine addiction:

  • Delirium 
  • Pain in the chest 
  • Psychosis 
  • Convulsion 
  • Extreme paranoia 
  • Nausea 
  • Extreme levels of anxiety 
  • Flashbacks

In an extremely high dosage, it is possible to overdose from Ketamine. Even in cases wherein the overdose doesn’t occur, users can still experience paralysis from the K-hole effect which can shut down the circulatory and respiratory functions of a person. When a user vomits from the use of Ketamine, the inability of the user to move will increase the risk of asphyxiation or choking.

The general “disconnect” that users feel from their surroundings makes it much more likely that they will sustain an injury or even lose their life. Users are much more likely to be psychologically addicted to the effects of ketamine than they are to become physically addicted, as is the case with the majority of psychedelic drugs.

Concerns Over Excessive Ketamine Use

The use of ketamine for recreational purposes to an extreme degree is associated with significant health risks. While the k-hole is a sudden and fleeting experience, prolonged recreational use of ketamine can lead to a number of long-term adverse effects, including the following:

1-Risk of Overdose

The most pressing concern is the potential for a ketamine overdose to occur as a result of taking an excessive amount of the drug.  Even though ketamine poses a low risk of overdose, this risk significantly increases when the drug is not administered under the supervision of a medical professional. This risk becomes even more significant when combined with other drugs or substances e.g. opioids and alcohol.

2-Safety Hazards

Ketamine use is often done in a casual setting wherein it’s unsafe for anyone who’s acutely intoxicated from the drug. Physical safety risks include drowning, falling from heights, and/or sexual or physical assault.

3-Persistent Dissociative Disorders

After experiencing the K-hole effect, it can be challenging for a person to shake the sensation or feeling of dissociation. Ketamine use that is clinically considered to be excessive can also lead to a condition known as hallucinogen persisting perception disorder or HPPD.When an individual takes a large dose of a powerful psychedelic dissociative compound, the person runs the risk of developing behaviors that are indicative of addiction. It is definitely possible to develop an addiction to ketamine, particularly when the drug is used for recreational purposes.

Overcoming Ketamine Addiction with North Jersey Rehabs

It should come as no surprise that excessive recreational use of ketamine raises a number of significant health concerns.  Contact us here at North Jersey Rehabs today if you need professional help and support to stop the abuse of ketamine. 

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